Matériaux & Techniques
Volume 79, Number 7-8, 1991
|Page(s)||3 - 7|
|Published online||13 April 2017|
Composites alumine-nickel à liant polyphosphate. Nouveau matériau pour éléments chauffants
Alumina-nickel composites with a polyphosphate binder. New material for heating elements
1 Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée, C5, Université des Sciences et Techniques de Lille Flandres-Artois
2 EDF - Direction des Études et Recherches - Département Applications de l'Electricité, Centre de Recherche des Renardières, Moret-sur Loing
Heating elements used below 1200°C are mainly metals. But metallic heating elements have a very low resistivity. So we propose a new material based on metallic particles dispersed in a ceramic matrix. In order to obtain и good dispersion and a low temperature processing, we used a polyphosphate binder. Owing to the enhanced oxidization of dispersed metals, this material is destined to heating elements working at a temperature below 700°C.
We present the process of elaboration and the characteristics of the composite.
The resistivity of such a composite material versus nickel content obeys a percolation law. A resistivity of 50 mΩ . cm has been obtained.
Cold connections are realized by increasing the nickel concentration at the extremities of the heating element. The differences of shrinkage are compensated by the polyphosphate binder.
© SIRPE 1991
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