Matériaux & Techniques
Volume 83, Number 3-4, 1995
|Page(s)||40 - 48|
|Published online||13 April 2017|
Changements de régime de lubrification dans les contacts rugueux acier-céramiques
Changes in lubrication mode in steel-ceramics rough contacts
Laboratoire Génie de Production, Ecole Nationale d’ingénieurs de Tarbes
The friction and wear behaviour of four structural ceramics (two aluminium oxides of different purity, a silicon nitride and a tetragonal zirconia polycrystal) has been investigated under boundary lubrication against a 100C6 hard steel (52100 steel). The effect of three initial surface roughnesses of the ceramics is studied. Lubrication is by a commercial oil used “as received”(new oil) and “aged” (used oil). Tests are performed on an alternating “pin-on-plate” tribometer.
The friction and wear responses are analysed in terms of three main parameters depending on the mechanical preparation mode of the ceramics surface : the roughness magnitude, the morphology of the asperities (sharp or blunt) and the mechanical strength of the asperities. The evolution of these parameters during sliding leads to significant changes of tribological behaviour and contact pressure. The friction and wear transitions result from changes of lubrication mode where roughness and oil have a competitive action. The wear processes of the ceramic surfaces include fracture mechanisms of the asperities and/or polishing by the mechano-chemical action of the lubricant and submicronic ceramic wear debris.
The worn surfaces of steel exhibit either abrasion grooves or a continuous metallic layer covering the steel. A running in effect is observed on both silicon nitride and zirconia but does not occur on aluminas. The stronger running-in effect is observed with used oil. The used oil can lead to a very smooth sliding surface on the ceramic and allows particularly low friction coefficients and steel wear, but only after a more severe initial degradation process.
ESCA analyses on steel reveal the occurrence of a reaction film generated through chemical reactions with the oil.
© SIRPE 1995
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