Table 7

LCI of the hard carbon anode [4].

Item Amount Unit
Inputs    
   Aluminium, wrought alloy 0.139 kg
   Binder, water based, for electrodes, Li-ion battery 0.035 kg
   Carbon black 0.026 kg
   Electricity, medium voltage 2.06E-06 kWh
   Hard carbon, for anode, Na-ion battery 0.801 kg
   Metal working factory 4.58E-10 Item(s)
   Sheet rolling, aluminium 0.138 kg
   Transport, freight train 0.058 t*km
   Transport, freight, lorry 16-32 metric ton, EURO5 0.019 t*km
Output    
   Anode, hard carbon-Al, for Na-ion battery 1.00 kg

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