Table 6

LCI of the SIB pouch cell [4,64].

Item Amount Unit
Inputs    
   Anode, hard carbon-Al, for Na-ion battery 0.344 kg
   battery separator 0.027 kg
   Cathode, NaNiMnMgTiO (NMMT), for Na-ion battery 0.464 kg
   Cell container, Li-ion battery, at plant 0.032 kg
   Chemical factory, organics 4.20E-10 Item(s)
   Electricity, medium voltage 9.0 kWh
   Electrolyte, for Na-ion battery 0.187 kg
   Heat, central or small-scale, natural gas 20.0 MJ
   Nitrogen, liquid 0.013 kg
   Transport, freight train 0.250 t*km
   Transport, freight, lorry 16-32 metric ton, EURO5 0.042 t*km
   Used Na-ion battery, to recycling −0.05 kg
Output    
   Battery cell, Na-ion, NMMT-HC, pouch cell 1.00 kg

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